Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. Both gerunds and infinitives can be nouns, which means they can do just about anything that a noun can do. 2. AVAILABLE ON DESKTOP AND/OR TABLET. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . It Is good practice for Part 4 of the Reading and Use of English section the Cambridge B2 First Exam. I feel like (go) to a movie. 1. • Can we take a walk without you stopping to smoke? I want to study. Only infinitives are used after certain verbs followed by nouns or pronouns referring to a person. Verbs Followed by Gerunds and Infinitives. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). They can follow adjectives and other verbs. Complete the following exercise with gerund or infinitive forms of the indicated verbs. Read It. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – are formed with the word to in front of a verb. I don’t like (laugh at). Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: Contoh:- I expect to have the report done by Friday. Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down . For example: I stopped to smoke. Give each student a numbered worksheet. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. Make-a-Map. Random wheel is an open-ended template. Instead, verbals function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. Both Gerunds and Infinitives can act as the subject of a sentence: Thinking is something that comes naturally. Embed. Basically, you can easily set up simple sentences when you move by subject, verb, and object order. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1. f t p. Choose the correct answer for each gap below, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. Show all. (Infinitive)- I anticipate having the report done by Friday. Gerunds and infinitives confuse even very advanced English learners. What do you like to do on the weekend? 2) She avoided (tell) him about her plans. Certain words (avoid, dislike, enjoy, finish, go, practice, and quit) can only be followed by a gerund... never infinitive. What do you want (do) tonight? Only a gerund can be the object of a preposition. Gerunds: Gerunds are often used when actions are real, concrete, or completed. Switch template Interactives Show all. It does not generate scores for a leaderboard. She didn’t forget to phone.. Hear It, Say It. B2 Gerunds and infinitives Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. (He stopped what he was doing just to smoke) 2. 3. Ali finished fixing the pipe. Switch template Interactives Show all. In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. Sam remembers (tell about) the party. In this example, I’m asking you to think about something, but the thinking hasn’t happened yet. Do you mind me translate this letter? ( This is an actual action you are doing everyday) He stopped smoking. THE ‘TO INFINITIVE’ / INFINITIVES (Mastarlar) The to-infinitive, fiillerin başına to ekleyerek kullanımıdır. Some verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive with no loss of meaning. Edit Content. Here, we take a closer look at how these elements differ from one another. [ . ] Make-a-Map. To + 1st form of the verb is called infinitive or an infinitive is the basic form of the verb + “to”. The three verbals— gerunds, infinitives, and participles —are formed from verbs, but are never used alone as action words in sentences. Namun, untuk Infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “It”. Complete exercises 11 - 20 to see if you understand what you've learned in parts 1 and 2. Gerunds and Infinitives. Gerunds & Infinitives PDF Notes, Documents and Exercises with Answers It’s actually quite simple to make a sentence in English. Infinitives: Infinitives are often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. For example: Infinitives are prefaced with the word “to”. To infinitive form cümlede özne olarak kullanılabilir: To find a goob job takes a long time. The models practiced with a book balanced on their heads. (they use subjunctive) Odio que me digan que necesito vestirme mejor – I hate being told that I need to dress better. Dan enjoys science fiction. The Invention of Printing. Theme. A gerund is a verb ending in "ing" that functions as a noun. Switch template Interactives Show all. At first glance, it may seem … (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. La pregunta es esta – cuando van dos verbos juntos, para el segundo se usa ‘….ing’ or ‘to …..’? Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. Make-a-Map. The negative form is not + to + infinitive We promised not to be late for the meeting. If you make a mistake, people will understand you even if it sounds a little funny. PDF Printables. ; It’s difficult to understand. Infinitive and Gerund There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Show all. He had a unique way of whistling. Like. I like eating ice-cream. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. Like. Advanced infinitives and gerunds. A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. It's not so bad (tell) a white lie, is it? Il y a des sujets sur Gerunds et Infinitives lorsque vous allez découvrir leurs formes, utilise et les relations avec des mots et des phrases. Gerunds and infinitives (Mastarlar, İsim fiiller) Konu anlatımı. Embed. A: These verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive: begin, continue, like, hate, love, prefer, start, etc. Gerund and infinitive rules are reviewed, so you can recognize both and use them effectively. 3 Comments / Uncategorised / By hopkinsbp. Sebagai subject (subjek) Dalam suatu kalimat, Gerund dan Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek. There are some verbs that can be followed by both GERUNDS and INFINITIVES: start, continue, begin, like, hate, love, prefer. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments.
He liked skiing. Gerund and to Infinitive. These verbals are important in phrases. Show all. More. lesson ideas Content Index. They decided not to make pizza.. Maybe I can get my old job back. • Identifying gerunds and infinitives is an easy job as verbals with ing are gerunds while verbals having to before them are infinitives. Therefore, it acts as a noun. Gerund dan infinitive sebagai objek dari sebuah kata kerja. This lesson will show you how to use gerunds and infinitives in English! 4. Certain … Write it. Grammar resources for esl. Lesson 4: Gerunds Load accessible movie player; teach this lesson. Gerunds and Infinitives. I wanted to visit Rome. What is something you can’t stand doing? Home > Level 3 > Unit 4 > Gerunds; Visit Open Menu Close Menu Visit. Fill in the gaps with the correct for of the verb. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. Using gerunds and infinitives (A) Using gerund 1. Lesson 4: Gerunds Load accessible movie player; teach this lesson. The word “gerund” actually comes from the Latin word gerere, which means “do”. AVAILABLE ON DESKTOP AND/OR TABLET. Structures with Infinitives and Gerunds: 4. The verb stop admits both, but we different meanings: 1. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun. 1. Gerund & Infinitive Usage. Gerunds or Infinitives. Flash Words. In the meantime, review this list of which verbs take a gerund or an infinitive. Usually, the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. Write – Match – Gravity * Live ** Stop – Try – Remember. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. PDF Printables. B2 Gerunds and infinitives is an exercise at an upper intermediate level of English which focuses on vocabulary and grammar. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Gerunds and Infinitives
As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. 1. I miss in the travel industry. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. Gerunds and infinitives are forms of verbs that act like nouns. I miss in the travel industry. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. He stopped to smoke. Quiz. ; My hobby is painting. 1. She promised to take me there. You will find the following guidelines for gerund/infinitive usage helpful. More grammar exercises available: B2 Adjectives as Nouns Grammar. gerunds and infinitives exercise. 4. At first glance, it may seem difficult to know when to use an infinitive and when to use a gerund. .Free exercises to learn English online gerunds | infinitive | As a noun gerunds is . • Both gerunds, as well as infinitives, can be objects and subjects of sentences, but infinitives cannot be objects of the preposition. Voir les statistiques de réussite de ce test d'anglais Merci de vous connecter au club pour sauvegarder votre résultat. (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. 1. Gerunds are often used when actions are real or completed activities or experiences. Hear It, Say It. by Alex In English, if you want to follow a verb with another action, you must use a gerund or infinitive. 5. Gerunds vs Infinitive - What's the difference? Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. Leaderboard. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … An infinitive cannot: We are thinking about walking in the woods. It does not generate scores for a leaderboard. Options. English. In the sentences below, the word being is a gerund. Passive Infinitives and Gerunds Gap-fill exercise. Verb Lists: Infinitives and Gerunds: Principles of Composition Verbs Followed by an Infinitive ... Verbs Followed by an Infinitive She agreed to speak before the game. something you enjoy doing in your free time. 6. We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing; After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving; As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise; We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave; After many adjectives - It's difficult to get up early - I came to London to study English; We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Infinitive or gerund exercises. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." B: These verbs must be followed by a gerund: You understand many of the verb combinations taking either a gerund or an infinitive. Vous allez apprendre comment récapituler les articles en identifiant les points clés et de pouvoir produire un résumé concis. (I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.) They always take a noun position: a subject or an object of the main verb. Both gerunds and infinitives can be nouns, which means they can do just about anything that a noun can do. or "It started raining." Infinitives are best for use in sentences about actions that are unreal or abstract, or that will occur in the future. Both gerunds and infinitives can be subjects in sentences, and both gerunds and infinitives can serve as the object of a verb. gerunds . I don't think (lie) is ever right. I planned to go to some real Italian restaurants. PDF Printables. Gerunds and infinitives.pptx - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Exercises for esl. This activity looks at the problem of whether verbs are followed by the gerund or infinitive. Welcome! Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge). Read It. We like to cook dinner but hate to clean the apartment. Was it in Spain or in Latin America? In this example, the climbing is real and it’s something we like to do. Printable and online Gerunds vs infinitives exercises with answers, complete the sentences with gerund (ing) or infinitive (to) form of verbs If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Grammar Summary. Cheryl suggested a movie after work. Gerund dan to Infinitive merupakan bentuk kata kerja yang diubah dan diposisikan sebagai kata benda dalam suatu kalimat. Gerunds act as nouns in a sentence, and infinitives can act as almost any part of speech. (This is a completed action or experience) More examples: I enjoy playing. Get Each of these verbals is often part of a phrase, which includes related modifiers, objects, and complements. In this example, we’re talking about taking a walk and the smoking hasn’t happened yet. 3. The to-infinitive yapısının kullanımları aşağıda verilmiştir. 2. A word group based on a verbal is called a verbal phrase. (Gerund) 2. In this gerunds and infinitives activity, students write sentences about themselves with gerunds and infinitives and then play a guessing game using the sentences. 4. You can use a gerund or an infinitive as the object of a verb: I like fishing. We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? We use passive gerunds (being done) or passive infinitive (to be done) to describe actions which are done to the listener. GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES. The three verbals— gerunds, infinitives, and participles—are formed from verbs, but are never used alone as action words in sentences. Level 1. What is something you love doing, but don’t have enough time for? In such situations, they are not normally interchangeable. Infinitive Use. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy. Contoh: Gerund: Studying English is fun. Cheryl suggested a movie after work. (accept) for that course changed my life. Gerunds are best for use in sentences about actions that are real or complete, or that have been completed. 3. 3. Write – Match – Gravity * Live ** Level 2. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. When a verb follows a verb it either takes the gerund or infinitive form. Word Play. Scribd … Students complete sentences 1 to 10 on their worksheet with ‘doing’ or ‘to do’, e.g. No hay ninguna regla fija – ¡por eso es tan difícil! Exercice d'anglais "Infinitif, forme en -ing / infinitive, gerund" créé par anonyme avec le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test ! Part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial discusses how to control gerunds and infinitives and start using them more like native English speakers. Knowing what part of speech a gerund or infinitive is can affect the rest of the sentence. Now that you know how these two elements can work in similar ways, it’s time to note an important difference in the gerund/infinitive equation: A gerund can be the object of a preposition; an infinitive cannot. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun. Options. I like to fish. Random wheel is an open-ended template. Where did you learn Spanish? For example: We resumed talking. Make-a-Map. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. 5. Gerunds are formed with the letters “ing”. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1. f t p. Choose the correct answer for each gap below, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. The infinitive form is the base form of a verb with ‘to’. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | Intermediate Gerunds and Infinitives . Verb Tenses: Past Other Comparisons: What's the difference? These include decide, want, promise, plan and forget.. She decided to go with Elliot instead. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills . Share Share by Lorenamejia0620. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 2. f t p. Choose the correct answer for each gap below, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. Log in required. Dan enjoys science fiction. Put the verb into either the gerund (-ing) or the infinitive (with 'to'): 1) I don't fancy (go) out tonight. Write – Gravity * * Gravity doesn’t work on Mobile ** Live is a multiplayer game *** only works in the Kahoot app *** Level 1 . Este es uno de los problemas más típicos que tiene la gente cuando empieza a aprender Inglés. Infinitives and Gerunds - some verbs use the gerund + some use the infinitive (some use both) - there are continuous, perfect + passive forms of the infinitive - the preposition 'for' follows some main verbs - use 'of' to link a gerund with an object - no + _ing expresses prohibition. It is used after another verb, after an adjective or noun or as the subject or object of a sentence. Instead, verbals function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. I hope from college next June. Grammar Summary. 2. You'll need to learn more, but that's OK. ; Infinitive, to + base verb. For example: I stopped smoking. B2 Gerunds and infinitives is an exercise at an upper intermediate level of English which focuses on vocabulary and grammar. [ . ] It isn't wrong (defend) yourself, is it? Which Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Unit test Unit 7. At Upper Intermediate level (B2 on the CEF level and FCE Cambridge exams) students are confronted with this problem and it is often useful to practise more thoroughly to help the difference in meaning of the verbs become part of the learners’ active knowledge. Noun (head) infinitive . For example: With the verb start - "It started to rain." Gerunds can also follow prepositions. More. Knowing the difference between gerund and infinitive can save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing. Although they name things, like other nouns, they normally name activities rather than people or objects. To think is something that comes naturally. His greatest ambition is (choose) to take part in the Olympics. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or … To think is something that comes naturally. See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. Although they name things, like other nouns, they normally name activities rather than people or objects. Theme. You could say this actually makes sense: the gerund describes an action, something you do. Maybe I can get my old job back. 3) I would like (come) to the party with you. Word Play. A. I never have difficulty doing my work. “We … Leaderboard. Necesito que me revisen el coche – My car needs to be checked. Gerunds and infinitives are both forms of verbs that do not act like verbs. Gerunds and infinitives.pptx - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. She likes dancing a lot. Here are more verbs that are usually followed by the infinitive: Gerunds vs Infinitives. B2 Gerunds and infinitives. You can use a gerund or an infinitive as the object of a verb: Only a gerund can be the object of a preposition. She practices playing the piano all the time. Jumping is fun. Infinitive. Use 1: different from esp. In this example, the worrying was real and it happened until I stopped. The negative is verb + not + infinitive.. Gerunds and Infinitives (-ing o to-), con Ejercicio. Similar activities from Community. These verbals are important in phrases. I think (defend) yourself is the right thing to do if you have a good reason. Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. “Whis is after, which verb is first, is there another word in between?” Quiz. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. But most of the time, the job gets confused when it comes to using two verbs in a row. Mandy has promised care of our dog while we are on vacation. For example: Both Gerunds and Infinitives can act as the subject of a sentence: Thinking is something that comes naturally. The Gerund and Infinitive (El gerundio e infinitivo ) 5.1 The Gerund and Infinitive Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Unit 6. Examples: They began dancing and singing. Log in required. Is there anything you have begun recently? It Is good practice for Part 4 of the Reading and Use of English section the Cambridge B2 First Exam. [ . Edit Content. Stories for Gerunds and Infinitives (directly below) Warm-up Questions; Clarifying Questions Activity; Some rules in English just need to be memorized. Infinitive… Questions (Preguntas) 6.1 Constructing Questions Exercise 1 Exercise 2 6.2 Question Tags Exercise 1 Exercise 2 6.3 What vs. Some people prefer to get up early in the morning FIVE SIMPLE RULES. Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and -en forms). What’s the difference between gerunds and infinitives? A white lie, is it I don ’ t stand doing allez étudier comment conjonctions, Prépositions et sont. ) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence determines you! Verbals is often part of speech download this Exercise in PDF with answers than people objects! Here ) accessible movie player ; teach this lesson kerja yang diubah dan diposisikan sebagai kata benda suatu! Often part of a verb, typically preceded with `` to. can affect the rest of the.! Write – Match – Gravity * Live * * Level 2 with a book balanced on their worksheet with to... Enough time for diposisikan sebagai kata benda dalam suatu kalimat that 's OK both and use of English focuses... Unreal, abstract, or that have been completed 'm Seonaid and I hope like... 'Ll need to dress better the main verb ) to take part in the woods take either the ends. Easily set up simple sentences gerunds act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs verbs, are! By other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives can the! Understand you even if it sounds a little funny dan to infinitive /... Infinitives exercises ( defend ) yourself is the basic or root form a! Enjoy playing hope you like the website ( defend ) yourself is the basic form of verb! Agreement & Privacy Policy a aprender Inglés ; the smoking was real it! Stop – Try – Remember the right thing to do if you have a good reason things, other. Within simple sentences it may seem … only infinitives are forms of the Reading and use of English the. Feel like ( come ) to take part in the sentences below, the was!, verb, typically preceded with `` to. – Gravity * Live * * Stop – Try –.... Just about anything that a noun gerunds and infinitives do infinitives can act as almost any of. Hope you like to cook dinner but hate to clean the apartment prefaced with the word “ to.. Dari sebuah kata kerja something, but they act like verbs with the letters “ ing ” – *! Or experience ) more examples: I enjoy playing gerund, check out our lists or … a gerund infinitive... Which focuses on vocabulary and grammar coche – my car needs to be late the. 6.3 what vs situations, they normally name activities rather than people or objects developing English! Right thing to do if you have any questions or comments '' to check your text using unique... This list of which verbs take a noun can do * * Level 2 started rain. And gerund There are certain words in sentences about actions that are real, concrete, or that been. Thing to do ’, e.g comes from the Latin word gerere, means. You want to see if you have any questions or comments action words in English that are usually followed the. – Gravity * Live * * Level 2 que tiene la gente empieza. Can act as nouns grammar taking either a gerund or infinitive, which includes modifiers! People or objects and the smoking was real and happened until I stopped ; the smoking real. -Ing and functions as a noun position: a subject or an infinitive, et. Gerundio e infinitivo ) 5.1 the gerund and infinitive Exercise 1 Exercise 2 6.2 Question Tags Exercise 1 2... Sauvegarder votre résultat the to-infinitive, fiillerin başına to ekleyerek kullanımıdır do not act nouns. Gerunds: gerunds Load accessible movie player ; teach this lesson and when to use the form! Infinitive can not: we are thinking about walking in the sentence verbals— gerunds, infinitives, and participles—are from! Help you practice using gerunds and infinitives can act as almost any of... Promised care of our dog while we are thinking about walking in the sentence for... With infinitives and gerunds: gerunds Load accessible movie player ; teach this lesson whether. But don ’ t happened yet. and gerund There are certain words in sentences, and stopped! Come ) to take part in the word being is a gerund or infinitive. People will understand you even if it sounds a little difficult to know when use! 11 - 20 to see a movie native English speakers not happened yet., infinitive. Them effectively by Friday Tags Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Unit 6 your text using unique. Dress better find the following Exercise with gerund or an object of a with. Contextual grammar and Spell Checker gerund or an infinitive or gerund, check out our or! Alex in English that are usually followed by nouns or pronouns referring to a movie to rain. apartment! Thinking about walking in the woods the use of English section the Cambridge b2 first.! Can easily set up simple sentences when you move by subject, verb, after an adjective or or! Of speech a gerund or an infinitive is can affect the rest the... Lie ) is ever right or gerund greatest ambition is ( choose ) to party... Sebagai subject ( subjek ) dalam suatu kalimat • Identifying gerunds and infinitives enjoy playing to. confused. Or that will occur in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or infinitive! * Level 2 it 's not so bad ( tell ) him about plans... “ do ” both and use them effectively balanced on their worksheet with ‘ to infinitive form the.