Verbs and Verb Phrases Introduction Verbs in English can be distinguished by the kinds of marking they can take and by what they can co-occur with. An intransitive verb does not have a direct object: He died. 2. The verb forms of be, do, and have can be used either as a main (full) verb or an auxiliary verb. auxiliary verb. Example of phrasal verbs: She has always looked down on me. A verb phrase can have up to four parts. GrammarBank.com. �X��������w}�r0��K��Ǿ��ų�V��������[���T����t�i��>!E���-u1�����Lְ8�ѷ��'S2�������_M�};�,�P_&ǟ��s�G�!��l�FR��Ͻ_��TL�8��ю( ��cyE���͝�$� �bj����+ڠ��}�`㩤����d ��zU�D�V�C,'�"��֣ڟ�a����� �b{�c¤y�í��̖`��C}�,�18E��zl�Z4ڄ� @"HT�g��DTKe]Y�Kx��C�U�}.�N�$yiė endstream endobj 41 0 obj<. 2. : Form 4: The past participle is formed from the base form + -ed. Verbs which have a meaning of their own, agree with the Person and … When they are used as helping verbs, they tell time for the main verb. Consider these examples: … 1. We are watchingTV. Although an intransitive verb may be fol lowed by an adverb or adverbial phrase, there is no object to receive its action. Here are some examples of auxiliary verbs and verb phrases. main verb. Helping Verbs. 0000001816 00000 n Clue. People enjoy sports. The man quenched the fire. EXERCISES In each sentence, underline the helping verb with a single line and the main verb with two lines. 0000003441 00000 n The words be, have, do, can, could, may, might, shall, should, must, will, would, used, need, dare, ought are called auxiliaries. 0000069540 00000 n Physical verbs are action verbs. auxiliary verb. RETEACHING: A main verbshows the action or state of being in a sentence. Examples: I ran. Act on -- perfect tenses. 3. Other times, however, a sentence will use a verb phrase, a multi-word verb, to express more nuanced action or condition. 1. 1. 351 0 obj <>stream 0000002175 00000 n Simple Past I played basketball yesterday. endstream endobj startxref In each of the following sentences, we only have a main verb. We are learning about helping verbs. 0000053114 00000 n His coach will help him next week. Frank has a good job. Do you need help? 0000207205 00000 n Complete Phrasal Verbs List Phrasal Verb Meaning Example Abide by Accept or follow a decision or rule. We have to ABIDE BY what the court says. * They are main verbs: I am happy / We have it / We do the washing. Englisch-hilfen.de/ be in English – auxiliary and main verb. auxiliary verb. 0000006080 00000 n 0000115793 00000 n She speaksfast. 0000001236 00000 n Instead, they connect the subject of a sentence with the rest of the sentence. %PDF-1.5 %���� 1. be as a main verb in the Simple Present (am, are, is) Pronouns Affirmative sentences 0000065082 00000 n 0000053634 00000 n h�b```���*�B ��ea��0�� ��DG��|�S% VG�+@2P��P� ��κ�Q�ac �#F%� (auxiliary verb)To Have. Intransitive verbs, however, can express action without a direct object, and as a result, they can end a sentence without the sentence sounding incomplete. : Form 2: When the present simple tense has a 3rd person singular subject, the verb is formed from the base form + -s.: Form 3: The past simple is formed from the base form + -ed. 1. 0000053525 00000 n Intransitive Verbs. %PDF-1.5 %���� 0000064557 00000 n Auxiliary Verb Examples . GrammarBank PDF eBooks Click Here. Now that we’ve gone over the list of linking verbs let’s talk about helping verbs. (are: helping verb; learning: main verb) The subject, “the man,” is completing the action. Clue. Phrasal verbs consist of a main verb together with an adverb or a preposition, or both. As the name suggests, helping verbs help or support the main verb. Menu. Alfredo is training for the Olympics. You'll find questions about their qualities and purposes as well as their place within example sentences. 0000073071 00000 n Have in English – auxiliary and main verb. Main (principal) Verb and Auxiliary (helping) Verb. 0000067961 00000 n 0000209873 00000 n Ache for Want something or someone a lot. GrammarBank.com. (auxiliary v 2. He has run five miles each day. main verb. Decide whether these verbs are auxiliary verbs or main verbs. main verb. They describe specific physical actions. A helping verbsuch as am,is,are,has, have, or will works with the main verb to show when the action or state of being occurs. 1. A verb is a word that expresses an action or state of being.. Action verbs express action. 1. A simple VP consists of a lexical verb acting as the main verb of the VP and anywhere from zero to four auxiliary verbs Verb Review. She is preparing dinner for us. 0000161857 00000 n 0000161493 00000 n About This Quiz & Worksheet. The following examples show these verbs used as auxiliary verbs. In order to be a teacher, you have to attend several years of school. (lexical verb)Margaret is applying to Yale. If you can create a They had to ACCOUNT FOR all the money that had gone missing. 40 0 obj <> endobj xref 40 47 0000000016 00000 n I ran in the race. 0000068166 00000 n The Different Functions of Primary Verbs . In this example, “enjoy” is the main verb. GrammarBank Exercises eBook: $7.99 - Children's eBooks: $6.99 - Download and … Helping Verbs List. (lexical verb) Frank has just returned from a business trip. They have been studying all night. Verb Forms v1 v2 v3 v4 v5 pdf V1, V2, V3, V4, V5 Pdf When learning English you need to know the meaning of certain words first, and then sort the words appropriately according to grammatical rules. "Eating" = the main verb. Main Linking Verbs Takeaways: Here’s a Comprehensive Linking Verbs .pdf; Unlike most verbs, a linking verb is not an action word. multipart verb phrases to communicate what they mean. Past Progressive I was playing basketball the whole evening. Main verb + auxiliary verb = complete idea The verb "to be" can be used as an auxiliary verb to express ongoing (continuing) actions. 4. She has gone. Three of them can be used as a complete main verb: the -s form ( present tense ): she writes the past tense form: he wrote the simple form (present tense): they write The other two forms do not, by themselves, indicate tense : I … 300 0 obj <> endobj He has HAD his dog since 2014. Transitive verbs take a direct object while intransitive verbs do not. (See page 3 for a complete explanation of linking verbs.) What is a verb, anyway? Main verbs can be transitive or intransitive. The verbs be, have and do are often referred to as primary auxiliaries. 1. 0000003517 00000 n This is the only verb in this sentence; it is also the verb of the main clause. The auxiliary verb helps the main verb in expressing the time the action. Jessica is taking John to the airport. 330 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1B67E67A1DB8304EAE0EC6D844271815>]/Index[300 52]/Info 299 0 R/Length 136/Prev 181061/Root 301 0 R/Size 352/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream The verb is rises. 0000001958 00000 n It is used with a main verb to form a verb phrase. 0000196106 00000 n In this example, “quenched” is the main verb. Margaret is a brilliant student. I ran swiftly. An intransitive verb never has a direct or indirect object. . The verb can, however, be followed by an adverb or other modifier. Is be an auxiliary or a main verb? -- passive voice. h�bbd```b``f ��A$�2�f f/���`�0�&��|��`RL��H%0���&��Q�~� ��H2f���SE��U 6w�%� R�l�v� �s ���������q7X%#]���� �� English verbs all function inside verb phrases (VPs). For example, • She was calling her friend. is, was, am, have, had, will. 1. He speaksEnglish. (lexical verb) Nana doesn't go out much anymore. 0000184212 00000 n Nana does the crossword puzzle in the Sunday paper. "is eating" (a complete idea) = the eating is IN PROGRESS. When forms of the verb “be” are main verbs, they are linking/being verbs, not action verbs because “be” is not an action but, indeed, a state of being. 0000053933 00000 n The horse neighs. He has arrived. 0000001734 00000 n Transitive verbs require direct objects to receive their action. "Is" = an auxiliary (helping) verb. Here are some examples of gerunds used after a preposition: This quiz/worksheet looks at the use of main verbs. 0000006155 00000 n Sometimes a sentence can communicate its meaning with a one-word verb. … There are 12 main and 23 total linking verbs in the English language. Many verbs, like speak, can be transitive or intransitive. This is the only verb in this sentence; it is also the verb of the main clause. EXAMPLE: Laurissa rises slowly from her seat. Examples of be as an auxiliary or as a main verb. 0000158758 00000 n John goesto school. I go to school every day.. She teaches English. I sawan elephant. 0 My partner's been away for a fortnight- I am ACHING FOR her. 4. Helping verbs are in italics. ; Accuse: Tom accused me of lying. The verb be can be an auxiliary or a main verb in English. Form 1: The present simple tense has all but one of its forms the same as the base form. 0000006359 00000 n 1. For example: I am sleeping. Present Progressive I’m playing basketball now. Introduction: Read these sentences: James has a new bicycle.. Transitive verbs are verbs that express action that terminates in, or is received by, an object. 0000068361 00000 n To Be. Look at these examples: transitive: 1. 3. This is the pattern: Auxiliary Verb(s) + Main Verb + Verb Ending If Necessary Here are examples: Had cleaned 0000053080 00000 n endstream endobj 301 0 obj <. A transitive verb takes a direct object: Somebody killed the President. She is becoming a great athlete. 0000005875 00000 n 1. To be, have, will, do...Decide whether the verb is an auxiliary verb or the main/full verb for this exercise. e.g. Do you HAVE a dog? A helping verb ‘helps’ or supports the main verb. If he doesn’t arrive on time, he’ll have to take a later flight. Here the word calling is the main verb and the word was is an auxiliary verb. 50 Common Irregular Verbs Infinitive Past Simple Past Participle be was / were been become became become begin began begun bring brought brought buy bought bought choose chose chosen come came come do did done drink drank drunk drive drove driven eat … Finite Verbs. 0000067548 00000 n I HAVE had this car for three years. trailer <<0986bae8800d11db9ccd000a95ab780c>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 43 0 obj<>stream 3. Finite verbs are such kinds of verbs that have a definite relation with the subject or noun. 2. I am writing. Verbs in a regular structure can be transformed with a simple rule, whereas in irregular verbs, this situation is slightly different. It is done. Present Perfect I have just played basketball. 0000160313 00000 n They join a subject with its predicate noun or adjective. 0000115997 00000 n You could also look for another linking verb list and examples to study. The example shows no obvious meaning of the individual words themselves, but are interpreted as a whole or group. ��,�Y�1/f>�b��°ķ�aoF��i�ڜ�d71��u���|5���i� �f�����t�H3�@� 9� 7 * But sometimes they are the auxiliary to form: -- continuous tenses. AUXILIARY VERBS There are three types of auxiliary verbs in English: A.- TO BE, TO HAVE, TO DO. They are used only in the present and past tense. 0000001598 00000 n Now that you’re well-versed with action words, and the linking verb list, let’s move on to helping words. 0000064790 00000 n Read all these verbs in detail with examples. Main verbs or action verbs are used to express action; something that an animal, a person or a thing does. Example: She is sleeping. intransitive: 1. 0000073353 00000 n Accept: I accept your appolozy. A main or base verb indicates the type of action or condition, and auxiliary— or helping—verbs convey the other nuances that writers want to express. 0000115431 00000 n For example: Anna is eating a sandwich. In this section, we are going to take a look at the modal verb in a little more detail as well as some examples of how it can be used, giving you a greater understanding of its function. (auxiliary verb) To Do. 0000003367 00000 n EXAMPLE: I am reading about the Junior Olympics. More examples: Kayla is walking home with her friends. Learn the useful list of modal verbs and how to use modal verbs in English with useful grammar rules, example sentences and … Transitive and Intransitive Main Verbs. 12 Types of Tenses With Examples Pdf Download: 12 Types of Tenses With Examples Pdf Tense Example Simple Present I play basketball every week. "Be" as an auxiliary verb a.Used in progressive sentences: I am taking a bath. Not a single problem has stopped her. 3. Decide whether it is an auxiliary verb or the main/full verb (do, be...) 15 Questions and answers The object of a transitive verb can be a noun, pronoun, or a noun clause or phrase. 0000070713 00000 n Usually, these verbs are the main verb of a clause or sentence and can be changed according to the noun. Wilma had weighed only four pounds at birth. In these sentences, the verb words has, have, go and teaches express a meaning of their own, the idea of possession or physical action. 0000172800 00000 n The subject, “people,” is completing the action. They have a big garden.. Others have expected little from her. The monkey jumps. b.Used in passive sentences: 0000073552 00000 n 0000159132 00000 n In English grammar, verbs are one of the nine parts of speech.. A verb is a word or group of words that describes an action, experience or expresses a state of being.. Alphabetical list of verbs in English (from A to Z) with verbs examples.. Verbs List (A) List of verbs that start with A with verb examples. 0000004698 00000 n The main verb expresses nature of the action. As many as four words can comprise a verb phrase. Account for To explain. 0000067751 00000 n Clue. In the examples below, the verb phrase is italicized and the auxiliary verb is in bold. %%EOF 0000071892 00000 n verb express a complete thought without an object. The main verbs below are in bold print. This old house HAS no roof. The sun shines. Auxiliary verbs are used in sentence according to the rules of English tenses in order to give information about the time of the main verb. Or other modifier now that we ’ ve gone over the list of linking verbs let ’ s on! Am reading about the Junior Olympics a single line and the auxiliary to form a verb phrase italicized. Verb list and examples to study: a main verb to form --!, had, main verb examples pdf have and do are often referred to as primary auxiliaries relation with subject! 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