endobj 3 0 obj >> >> endstream endobj 56 0 obj << /StemV 0 /FontName /HLNNOK+AdvTimes /FontFile3 57 0 R /Flags 6 /Descent -207 /FontBBox [ -217 -212 1005 766 ] /Ascent 715 /CapHeight 683 /XHeight 461 /Type /FontDescriptor /ItalicAngle 0 /CharSet (/A/d/v/a/n/c/e/s/P/u/b/l/i/t/o/two/three/N/m/r/zero/seven/colon/one/peri\ od/nine/slash/six/eight/parenleft/parenright/f/k/h/y/w/g/p/T/W/R/hyphen/\ L/z/I/S/G/comma/M/C/F/x/E/H/endash/j/percent/D/four/five/q/J/B/K/X/O/plu\ s/at/U/quoteright/semicolon/ampersand/V/asterisk/less/quoteleft/Y/Q/Z) >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Subtype /Type1C /Length 16450 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream << << /Resources << 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R 240 0 R /P 3 0 R Spreng35. /Resources << endobj << /Tabs /S 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 0000049868 00000 n /Image43 53 0 R >> plectranthus amboinicus pdf Key words: Peritoneal carcinomatosis Plectranthus amboinicus.Jul 11, 2011. 0000022966 00000 n /Contents 83 0 R << 227 0 R] /Annots [87 0 R] Its edible, fragrant, rounded leaves bear a terminal point, serrated margins and a soft pubescence. 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 272 0 R 273 0 R] /F9 43 0 R /F1 35 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Meta53 59 0 R /Group << /F2 36 0 R 0000036147 00000 n 177 0 R 178 0 R 179 0 R 180 0 R 181 0 R 182 0 R 183 0 R 184 0 R 185 0 R 186 0 R] /F5 39 0 R >> Similarly, in sub-acute toxicity study methanolic extract 200,400 mg/kg body wt of Plectranthus amboinicus did not cause any changes in organs showed normal architecture suggesting no morphological disturbances. 0000053031 00000 n /F11 48 0 R 14 0 obj 2 0 obj /F1 35 0 R /F4 38 0 R Scientific Name: Plectranthus amboinicus. 0000052185 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Parent 2 0 R [2] Majority of species within Plectranthus are used in traditional medicine /Resources << >> /CreationDate (D:20101202133000) 0000046812 00000 n << 0000050967 00000 n /Group << /F8 42 0 R /Group << 4. /Length 7754 trailer << /Size 101 /Info 40 0 R /Root 43 0 R /Prev 284316 /ID[<8ea6730c056afbed8712c6a63cb927e6>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 43 0 obj << /Metadata 41 0 R /Pages 39 0 R /Type /Catalog /PageLabels 37 0 R /OpenAction 44 0 R >> endobj 44 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 45 0 R /XYZ -32768 -32768 1.25 ] >> endobj 99 0 obj << /S 274 /T 425 /L 474 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 100 0 R >> stream The paleotropical oil-rich genus, Plectranthus belongs to the subfamily Nepetoideae. /F2 36 0 R 109 0 R] /Type /Page /Group << >> Therefore, a batch experiment with different concentrations of lead and a nutrient film technique (NFT) experiment with recycling of wastewater were employed in this study in order to investigate the rhizofiltration of lead-containing wastewater using Plectranthus amboinicus, an aromatic medicinal … /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /F8 42 0 R Gurgel AP et al., (2009) evaluated the anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities of the hydroalcoholic extract from leaves of Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) /F1 35 0 R /Contents 79 0 R medicine, rituals, and as food. /XObject << 0000053010 00000 n /Contents 46 0 R << /XObject << Potential Use of Plectranthus amboinicus in the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis Jia-Ming Chang, Chun-Ming Cheng, Le-Mei Hung, Yuh-Shan Chung and Rey-Yuh Wu Chinese Herbal Medicine Program, Division of Research and Development, Development Center for Biotechnology, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC 7 0 obj /F3 37 0 R >> /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /F4 38 0 R >> /Meta59 65 0 R /StructParents 5 /F11 48 0 R /Group << /Contents [85 0 R 86 0 R] /F1 35 0 R NuTUdd�#2;����.��������/���w�����\����_.���]�����/���/��cG�~~H�����Q�c�W�����q2���9{�����᧻1y�����?���9�z����m��ˏ? /Font << /Tabs /S /Tabs /S /Contents 58 0 R endobj The stem of Indian borage (Plectranthus amboinicus) was found to be an antioxidant rich fraction as evaluated by in vitro models such as DPPH free radical scavenging, reducing power assay, superoxide anion radical scavenging, and total antioxidant capacity. /Parent 2 0 R 0000047572 00000 n 0000003771 00000 n This evergreen perennial works well in mixed beds and mass plantings and as a ground-cover. endobj /Parent 2 0 R << /F8 42 0 R /S /Transparency /Nums [0 [88 0 R 89 0 R 90 0 R 91 0 R 92 0 R 93 0 R 94 0 R 95 0 R 96 0 R 97 0 R /Type /Page 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R /XObject << h�. /F2 36 0 R >> >> endobj 0000050641 00000 n 282 0 R 282 0 R 283 0 R 284 0 R 285 0 R] (2004) phylogenetic analysis. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour) Spreng also called as Indian borage has been in use in the Indian system of medicine. A decoction of the leaves is used for several medicinal purposes, especially respiratory diseaseslikecongestion,bronchitis,sourthroat,anddigestive /StructParents 10 0000034055 00000 n endobj >> /Meta54 60 0 R /Lang (en-US) 0000049803 00000 n /F1 35 0 R /Type /Pages >> 4 [157 0 R 158 0 R 159 0 R 160 0 R 161 0 R 162 0 R 163 0 R 164 0 R 165 0 R 166 0 R /Tabs /S /Tabs /S 20 0 obj /Group << Evaluating the prolonged effects of medicinal plant extracts used in humans is useful in assessing the potential toxic effects. >> 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R 18 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R] 0000048386 00000 n /XObject << /F3 37 0 R This herb has therapeutic and nutritional properties attributed to its natural phytochemical compounds which are highly valued in the pharmaceutical industry. 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 255 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R /CS /DeviceRGB 0000050900 00000 n /Resources << >> ] << /Font << /Contents 74 0 R /F5 39 0 R >> /F4 38 0 R /F2 36 0 R Plectranthus amboinicus is an attractive, evergreen perennial plant with lemon-scented, ... from the wild, mainly for local use as a food and medicine. << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] Arthritis was induced in Lewis rats by immunization with bovine type II collagen. /F2 36 0 R Title Plectranthus: A review of ethnobotanical uses Publication Journal of Ethnopharmacology 103 (2006) 1-24 ... An excellent guide to the uses of Plectranthus species, giving the basic uses and the literature supporting this. /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Resources << 0000034624 00000 n The most frequently cited use of species of Plectranthus is for their medicinal properties, which accounts for over 85% of all uses. /F4 38 0 R /Tabs /S /Type /Group /Font << >> Introduction. /Meta62 68 0 R /Type /Page Plectranthus amboinicus is a commonly available medicinal herb in India. /StructParents 6 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] The Lamiacae, or mint family, is a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees comprising about 200 genera and 3200 species, many with a long history of medicinal and food use (University of Hawaii, 2014).This family includes some of the most well-known herbs containing essential oils including lavender, sage, basil, mint and oregano. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] �Gn�%�#u+���n����H�����~ � �x /Resources << /StructParents 8 Furthermore, the most commonly used medicinal species of Plectranthus have a high degree of synonymy[1346. What are the Uses and Health Benefits of Indian Borage (Plectranthus amboinicus)? /CS /DeviceRGB endobj or mint family. /Type /Group /Font << >> >> 9 [231 0 R 232 0 R 233 0 R 234 0 R] 304 0 R 305 0 R 306 0 R 307 0 R 290 0 R 291 0 R] 21 0 obj /Resources << >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /Author (anuj) >> >> 127 0 R 128 0 R 295 0 R 131 0 R 296 0 R 156 0 R 157 0 R 297 0 R 298 0 R 299 0 R << /F8 42 0 R /Type /Group >> Plectranthus is a large and widespread genus with a diversity of ethnobotanical uses. >> /Contents 82 0 R A Lamiaceae mint plant, Plectranthus amboinicus grows up to Template:Convert tall. >> >> /Parent 2 0 R endobj /CS /DeviceRGB /S /Transparency >> /S /Transparency ��|��Cցm��x�T00��7ls``�f|�j��d�y�������0�?p%p3�1nb��2A�C��I\�s�4��[0����!CSw��U~��P�e`1���@fKN���2�,���4�3(\��z� �Ue`�3x ʓp� endstream endobj 100 0 obj 396 endobj 45 0 obj << /CropBox [ 0 0 612.283 790.866 ] /Parent 39 0 R /Contents [ 66 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R 77 0 R 83 0 R 89 0 R 91 0 R 98 0 R ] /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [ 0 0 612.283 790.866 ] /Thumb 29 0 R /Resources 46 0 R /Type /Page >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Font << /F1 61 0 R /F2 48 0 R /F3 50 0 R /F4 52 0 R /F5 51 0 R /F6 65 0 R /F7 71 0 R /F8 81 0 R /F9 87 0 R >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /ExtGState << /GS1 94 0 R >> >> endobj 47 0 obj << /StemV 0 /FontName /HLNNOM+AdvP47D4A3 /FontFile3 95 0 R /Flags 32 /Descent -195 /FontBBox [ -156 -208 1072 802 ] /Ascent 714 /CapHeight 714 /XHeight 517 /Type /FontDescriptor /ItalicAngle 0 /CharSet (/space/O/r/i/g/n/a/l/A/t/c/e/P/o/U/s/f/h/T/m/R/u/d/J/hyphen/M/C/comma/L/\ H/Y/S/y/W/I/D/k/w) >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Subtype /Type1 /FontDescriptor 59 0 R /LastChar 133 /Widths [ 500 500 0 0 0 333 270 0 500 500 500 0 0 500 0 500 0 0 0 333 0 0 0 0 0 718 0 718 770 666 0 718 822 385 500 0 666 989 0 0 666 0 718 604 666 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 500 437 500 437 333 500 500 270 0 0 270 770 500 500 500 0 385 385 333 500 437 0 552 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 ] /BaseFont /HLNNOL+AdvTimes-i /FirstChar 40 /ToUnicode 54 0 R /Encoding 49 0 R /Type /Font >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Differences [ 40 /parenleft /parenright 45 /hyphen /period 48 /zero /one /two 53 /five 55 /seven 59 /semicolon 65 /A 67 /C /D /E 71 /G /H /I /J 76 /L /M 80 /P 82 /R /S /T 97 /a /b /c /d /e /f /g /h /i 108 /l /m /n /o /p 114 /r /s /t /u /v 120 /x /y 133 /endash ] /Type /Encoding >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Subtype /Type1 /FontDescriptor 47 0 R /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 281 406 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 687 0 739 739 0 0 0 739 291 552 0 593 906 0 781 666 0 718 645 614 739 0 947 0 666 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 572 0 572 614 572 333 614 593 260 0 572 260 906 593 614 0 0 385 541 354 593 0 812 0 520 ] /BaseFont /HLNNOM+AdvP47D4A3 /FirstChar 44 /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /Type /Font >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Subtype /Type1 /FontDescriptor 62 0 R /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 281 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 687 718 708 0 0 0 718 0 0 0 0 875 0 760 645 0 687 0 572 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 541 593 541 593 541 291 572 552 218 0 0 218 854 552 572 593 0 333 500 312 0 500 760 0 500 ] /BaseFont /HLNNPO+AdvP47DFC8 /FirstChar 44 /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /Type /Font >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Subtype /Type1 /FontDescriptor 53 0 R /LastChar 117 /Widths [ 666 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 572 614 552 0 572 0 0 614 260 0 0 260 906 614 593 0 0 385 520 375 614 ] /BaseFont /HLNNON+AdvP47D8EF /FirstChar 80 /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /Type /Font >> endobj 53 0 obj << /StemV 0 /FontName /HLNNON+AdvP47D8EF /FontFile3 96 0 R /Flags 32 /Descent -195 /FontBBox [ -156 -208 1125 802 ] /Ascent 714 /CapHeight 714 /XHeight 517 /Type /FontDescriptor /ItalicAngle 0 /CharSet (/space/P/l/e/c/t/r/a/n/h/u/s/m/b/o/i) >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Length 340 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream /F11 48 0 R /Contents 81 0 R /F4 38 0 R >> /Parent 2 0 R EP2596798B1 EP12401234.5A EP12401234A EP2596798B1 EP 2596798 B1 EP2596798 B1 EP 2596798B1 EP 12401234 A EP12401234 A EP 12401234A EP 2596798 B1 EP2596798 B1 EP 2596798B1 Authority 11 0 obj /StructParents 7 /Resources << >> 13 [264 0 R 265 0 R 266 0 R 267 0 R 268 0 R 269 0 R 270 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R >> Plectranthus amboinicus is a medicinal plant widely used in Brazil, especially in the northeast region, for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer. 18 0 obj endobj /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] >> Many species of Plectranthus have economical and medicinal values. /Image47 55 0 R /StructParents 0 /Font << 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 0000004581 00000 n /Type /Page /Type /Page The plant that You can see on photos here is a herb that have many names. /Type /Group /Group << /Type /Page << endobj 0000002662 00000 n 217 0 R 218 0 R 219 0 R 220 0 R 221 0 R 222 0 R 223 0 R 224 0 R 225 0 R 226 0 R Spreng. 0000051442 00000 n /Resources << x��]K�$�q�ϯ� 6�� |ɰ���A���lJ���}�YU�U��������! endobj Key words: , Plectranthus amboinicus, MCF -7, MDA MB 231, Anticancer, Antioxidant. >> /F1 35 0 R /F11 48 0 R Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Its most popular latin name is ]. 10 [235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 0000023414 00000 n This work suggested that 70% of medicinal Plectranthus species belonged to the Coleus Clade and that medicinal usage tended to be concentrated in particular clades across the phylogeny. extract of P. amboinicus. endobj /F4 38 0 R /Resources << 0000034952 00000 n /F2 36 0 R Comparative studies on total phenol, total flavonoid, and DPPH free radical scavenging potential was carried out on raw and cooked extracted of P. amboinicus. 17 0 obj 262 0 R 263 0 R] /ModDate (D:20101202133000) Plectranthus amboinicus is a large succulent herb, fleshy and highly aromatic, much branched, possessing short soft erect hairs, with distinctive smelling leaves. /F8 42 0 R >> /Contents 76 0 R 13 0 obj /Parent 2 0 R /CS /DeviceRGB /Tabs /S medicinal use in the literature. 11 [238 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R 239 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] >> /Contents 80 0 R 0000004867 00000 n /Image75 77 0 R /F8 42 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] 149 0 R 150 0 R 151 0 R 152 0 R 153 0 R 154 0 R 155 0 R 156 0 R] 3 [129 0 R 130 0 R 131 0 R 132 0 R 133 0 R 134 0 R 135 0 R 136 0 R 137 0 R 138 0 R /F3 37 0 R /F4 38 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 0000002470 00000 n >> >> /MarkInfo << endobj /StructParents 3 << Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour) Spreng belongs to family Lamiaceae, known as country borage in English. 105 0 R 105 0 R 106 0 R 106 0 R 106 0 R 106 0 R 107 0 R 107 0 R 107 0 R 108 0 R /Group << /Type /Group /F3 37 0 R /Contents 52 0 R endstream endobj 55 0 obj << /Length 270 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /CS /DeviceRGB /Contents 75 0 R /Kids [5 0 R 6 0 R 7 0 R 8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R 12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R /Producer /F4 38 0 R Plectranthus amboinicus and Plectranthus barbatus are used to treat a wide range of diseases (13 categories) and accounts for about 68% of all traditional uses of the genus (Table 1, Table 2). << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /Marked true The plant is distributed throughout India and is as folklore medicinal plant used to … >> h�TR�n�0��{L�`N%�CUʡ5i��^R�b,�������z �Ǟ����z���a��-Nv�3�wO�9Z��7��:K;vr�.�ǭ�'0&��i�4�,��}q�kt�ž��$bw�G�3ж����s^�!g�������xrx /Tabs /S /S /Transparency Plectranthus amboinicus, otherwise called as Coleus amboinicus or Coleus aromaticus commonly known as country borage is a dicotyledonous plant of Lamiaceae family [4, 5]. %PDF-1.5 /Group << Keywords: Plectranthus amboinicus; Indian borage; pharmacology; biological activities; nutrition; phytochemistry; botany; medicinal plant 1. /F3 37 0 R /Tabs /S >> /F2 36 0 R 0000035188 00000 n Phytochemical evaluation of the extract revealed the occurrence of total phenolic… /CS /DeviceRGB /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] The symbolic use is a signi- ficative aspect of tradition in Africa as well as in Brazil. >> /F11 48 0 R /S /Transparency Several species are sacred with spiritual powers as, for example, certain Ficus species. >> 5 [187 0 R 188 0 R 189 0 R 190 0 R 191 0 R 192 0 R 193 0 R 194 0 R 195 0 R 196 0 R /Font << /F1 35 0 R A wide variety of Plectranthus species are used in the traditional medicine of southern Africa. is a perennial herb belonging to the family Lamiaceae which occurs naturally throughout the tropics and warm regions of Africa, Asia and Australia. /F1 35 0 R /Contents 78 0 R /Type /Group Plectranthus amboinicus, once recognized as Coleus amboinicus, is a semi-succulent perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae which includes common herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, sage, rosemary, and thyme with a pungent oregano-like flavor and odor. 0000037607 00000 n 0000004183 00000 n The leaves have also had many traditional medicinal uses, especially for the treatment of coughs, sore throats and nasal congestion, but also for a range of other problems such as infections, rheumatism and flatulence. /F9 43 0 R << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 0000054464 00000 n /Font << /StructParents 11 INTRODUCTION Hence isolation of bioactive products from medicinal plants and Cancer is a health problem of global concern (Graidist et al., 2015). 197 0 R 198 0 R 199 0 R 200 0 R 201 0 R 202 0 R 203 0 R 204 0 R 205 0 R 206 0 R] /F4 38 0 R /F2 36 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /F11 48 0 R 0000035397 00000 n [2] The stem is fleshy, about 30–90 cm, either with long rigid hairs (hispidly villous) or tomentose (densely covered with soft, short and erect hairs, pubescent). /F8 42 0 R /Type /Page /F4 38 0 R /StructParents 2 0000001641 00000 n >> ����#�Q��j�z�-kDq��W3S�&S4ւ5��G�u�0 �Y Ӑ%���j3�V,�_�,�!��@!6��5+%�\��ג�0����x�e� ��\,_�N�p�FlNްDK��%�%�I�f��Z$��Pr /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /S /Transparency This increases the confidence in their safety to humans, particularly for use in the development of pharmaceuticals. 10 0 obj Plectranthus amboinicus is an edible, nutritive plant. /S /Transparency /F8 42 0 R 0000036815 00000 n /F3 37 0 R /Type /Page >> /Parent 2 0 R 0000056346 00000 n /F4 38 0 R /Resources << /Contents 49 0 R /S /Transparency >> /StructParents 15 0000023800 00000 n /F1 35 0 R /Tabs /S 5 0 obj /Meta67 72 0 R /F1 35 0 R 12 0 obj /K [292 0 R 104 0 R 109 0 R 293 0 R 107 0 R 108 0 R 111 0 R 294 0 R 125 0 R 126 0 R /Type /Group /Meta60 66 0 R /Creator Leaves are undivided (simple), broad, egg/oval-shaped with a… /Tabs /S /F4 38 0 R >> 12 [252 0 R 253 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R 254 0 R endobj /StructParents 14 /CS /DeviceRGB /S /Sect A detailed study of the use of medicinal Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. /Group << /Parent 2 0 R /Font << The extract also exhibited antiplatelet aggregation ability, antibacterial activity, and antiproliferative effect against cancer cell lines: Caco-2, HCT-15, and MCF-7. [1] About 85% of all species of Plectranthus known to man have been reported to have medicinal value. >> /Tabs /S /F1 35 0 R Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Plectranthus /F2 36 0 R 7 [228 0 R 229 0 R] >> /Meta65 70 0 R Medicinal use was mapped to the Paton et al. /Annots [25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R 34 0 R] /Parent 2 0 R /Meta50 57 0 R /Resources << << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /CS /DeviceRGB /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Image39 50 0 R >> /F3 37 0 R /F2 36 0 R /CS /DeviceRGB 0000005554 00000 n /F4 38 0 R endobj /Type /Group /Type /Group /CS /DeviceRGB 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 250 0 R 251 0 R] /CS /DeviceRGB 0000049167 00000 n /Parent 2 0 R /Type /Page 19 0 obj /Font << 0000001714 00000 n 9 0 obj 0000054340 00000 n /Image45 54 0 R A review of the traditional uses of Plectranthus amboinicus /F2 36 0 R /F8 42 0 R /Type /Page /Image45 54 0 R /Parent 2 0 R >> 121 0 R 122 0 R 123 0 R 124 0 R 125 0 R 126 0 R 127 0 R 128 0 R] /Parent 2 0 R ]\��Ҡ���2P�",b5@����"������pΐ1PaH� >> >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /Meta66 71 0 R >> >> >> << /Meta49 56 0 R /Type /Group /F8 42 0 R << /Image43 53 0 R /F6 40 0 R /F2 36 0 R /S /Transparency /StructTreeRoot 3 0 R 0000034931 00000 n /F1 35 0 R Ethnobotanical use of Plectranthus. ]� ��ǟ9���͗�x�'Ph����_�5�Tr4�P�����uO��厽��;��SK��8Q3{lI��kN1�wr�f� SwJ�S�IO�6�3��.�����7�L��qt>η�8~ϝ9G�ؾ�w:������x�����zN��osݹg����y�������c�]I�@�5әαM)���'�=mS��n�S��K��x�{d:�D�g�ܐϜ깷����Ï�[���?�N5 ,��q]����c8~��o��8�PzQ�!��{.�9K��;5��l\L8�U~~������;y�"s�r�뛿3W�9s�J�.�%>K0�� ���~Ν�&�5������ �-�B��՝o�w����nz��;��p?�8���VU��̴�����"��"�����!���NW�}lW7����n����Ue��vUɽ��t=��|���s�i�!�~?�o;��-�k�x�3j���z��v����MvGm�!��Us��xg.�g�JO��F���t�7h�jQ��g�ey���N��;�����;q�����������9'�z�ս���6��� ݟ�ӳ�]nU>|~=&�o� I�� *r�;��se��x�ion��9��I��d�G �S�H��������w�A��/�Z�9����.��m�&���w����!�Z3�z�d��0�Yk���k�S��g�`�]���ĬQ{Ɲ:�m:Κ���i^�WԜ25ܜR���`�n1�Cr�#N��w�.�+�N�J���'�0I7�l��zĩ�|��T��̣�j1��wn)�e� �YK݆�eȻM� _�Yc��Δ䛷��� �ݘ�%�?T^��p�2�o�Qd��,�. Extract 200, 400 mgkg body wt of Plectranthus amboinicus did not cause.fresh juice of the leaves of the Plectranthus amboinicus Lour for 35 days. /StructParents 12 /ParentTreeNextKey 16 /F8 42 0 R /F1 35 0 R /Meta57 63 0 R /Meta58 64 0 R >> >> >> >> /Resources 24 0 R /XObject << 0000048365 00000 n /F6 84 0 R /Font << endobj /Image27 44 0 R 0000002232 00000 n 23 0 obj The stem is fleshy, about Template:Convert, either with long rigid hairs (hispidly villous) or densely covered with soft, short and erect hairs (tomentose). The art of utilizing herbs for different purposes is well documented in Ayurveda. 0000036552 00000 n << 0000002210 00000 n 245 0 R 246 0 R 247 0 R 248 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 249 0 R 240 0 R 241 0 R 242 0 R 243 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 8 [230 0 R] They are t… /Resources << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Meta55 61 0 R 0000002990 00000 n >> /Type /Page /Annots [45 0 R] /Pages 2 0 R /F2 36 0 R /F4 38 0 R /S /Transparency /Group << 0000005898 00000 n >> 0000036168 00000 n Plectranthus species are extensively used in various parts of the world as ornamentals, source of food and have numerous medicinal uses. /F9 43 0 R /ParentTree 21 0 R It belongs to the family Lamiaceae and is also known as country borage in English [ ]. /Contents 23 0 R >> 15 0 obj /Image40 51 0 R >> /Font << 0000049431 00000 n Plectranthus amboinicus ( P. amboinicus ) is a folk herb that is used to treat inflammatory diseases or swelling symptoms in Taiwan. /S /Transparency /Group << 0000049635 00000 n Other uses of plants are essentially based on beliefs, values, symbols or signs. /CS /DeviceRGB /Parent 2 0 R /F2 36 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /Type /Page 42 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 45 /H [ 1714 518 ] /L 285284 /E 59932 /N 6 /T 284326 >> endobj xref 42 59 0000000016 00000 n /CS /DeviceRGB 4 0 obj 0000001528 00000 n /Font << 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R 271 0 R This present study evaluates the intraperitoneal use of aqueous extracts of Plectranthus amboinicus (AEPa) at a … /CS /DeviceRGB 0000051134 00000 n 22 0 obj /Group << << 0000052164 00000 n >> /Type /Page /S /Transparency >> /Contents 69 0 R /Type /Group /Group << 0000005140 00000 n Old stems are smooth (glabrescent). >> /Tabs /S /F1 35 0 R 98 0 R 99 0 R 100 0 R 101 0 R 102 0 R 103 0 R 104 0 R 104 0 R 104 0 R 104 0 R This herb has therapeutic and nutritional properties attributed to its natural phytochemical compounds which are highly valued in the pharmaceutical industry. /F4 38 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 257 0 R 258 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R endobj The potential medicinal and economic uses of Plectranthus are of great interest (Gaspar-Marques et al., 2006) as there are potentially /Filter /FlateDecode Introduction At present, plant-based medicines are widely employed in various public health practices throughout the globe as they are safe and cost-effective, and efficiently combat various deadly diseases and help in maintaining good health [1]. Patel R et al., (2010) evaluated the … 16 0 obj It comprises about 300 species of annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs which are often succulents [18]. 0000049188 00000 n 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R 256 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] 15 [286 0 R 287 0 R 288 0 R 289 0 R 290 0 R 291 0 R] << /Type /Catalog h�TQMo�0��W��i�::*E\:M��n�41,�Q����v�����l������=���u&�8LA#\�����q��{�Sq3��ڵH���f�=g���[0��`w�>��h&��GA@U����Ӌ�G��;�!_�l�^i�u2/*�GQ:�?v����[&˔��l_1���⚳����!Q��(�x -Y�� ��!#���I��FJj妶�OC�����St����iW���~�i��د eK�� /F11 48 0 R >> /F8 42 0 R /F2 36 0 R >> /F3 37 0 R a potential anticancer principle, while ethanol extract of P. amboinicus has better potential as an antioxidant. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] 1 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /F1 35 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Parent 2 0 R /StructParents 13 >> It is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental and also for medicinal uses and for its edible leaves, ... A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. 8 0 obj >> >> 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 259 0 R 260 0 R 261 0 R /Count 16 /S /Transparency 14 [274 0 R 275 0 R 276 0 R 277 0 R 278 0 R 279 0 R 280 0 R 281 0 R 282 0 R 282 0 R 139 0 R 140 0 R 141 0 R 142 0 R 143 0 R 144 0 R 145 0 R 146 0 R 147 0 R 148 0 R P. amboinicus (Loureiro) Sprengel is a member of the family, Lamiaceae. /Font << /Meta61 67 0 R >> /Meta68 73 0 R /CS /DeviceRGB Oregano, suganda, coleus ambonicus : Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart, including folkloric uses, chemical properties, botanical information, and medicinal studies. 218 0 R 300 0 R 228 0 R 229 0 R 230 0 R 231 0 R 301 0 R 235 0 R 302 0 R 303 0 R 0000059125 00000 n 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 235 0 R 236 0 R 237 0 R] /StructParents 4 /Type /Group /Tabs /S Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour) Spreng. 6 [207 0 R 208 0 R 209 0 R 210 0 R 211 0 R 212 0 R 213 0 R 214 0 R 215 0 R 216 0 R << /F3 37 0 R >> A plant with many names, Plectranthus amboinicus is commonly called Cuban Oregano and also bears the monikers Mexican Mint, Indian Borage and Caribbean Oregano. /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /F10 47 0 R 0000057451 00000 n /Type /Page Coleus amboinicus, synonym Plectranthus amboinicus, is a semi-succulent perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae with a pungent oregano-like flavor and odor.The origin of Coleus amboinicus is unknown, but it may be native to Africa, and possibly India.Coleus amboinicus is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere in the tropics where it is used as a spice and ornamental plant. /K [22 0 R] /Group << /Tabs /S /Meta56 62 0 R endobj >> Plectranthus amboinicus on Plasmodium berghei yoelii34. 167 0 R 168 0 R 169 0 R 170 0 R 171 0 R 172 0 R 173 0 R 174 0 R 175 0 R 176 0 R /rgid (PB:245177858_AS:102015938072577@1401333904736) The margins are coarsely crenate to dentate-crenate except in the base. /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 0000006423 00000 n 0000003462 00000 n The plants are commonly used in Chinese folk medicine for the.Mar 30, 2011. /S /Transparency 6 0 obj /Parent 2 0 R %���� Leaves are Template:Convert by Template:Convert, fleshy, undivided (simple), broad, egg/oval-shaped with a tapering tip (ovate). >> 0000047551 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� /Type /Page /F3 37 0 R /XObject << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /StructParents 9 0000037170 00000 n >> endobj /Font << It is large succulent aromatic perennial herb, shrubby below, hispidly villous or tomentose. /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 1 110 0 R 2 [111 0 R 112 0 R 113 0 R 114 0 R 115 0 R 116 0 R 117 0 R 118 0 R 119 0 R 120 0 R endobj << 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R 244 0 R /Resources << Spreng. endobj The medical properties of plants are based on the presence of certain phytochemicals in them. /S /Transparency /Type /Page We investigated therapeutic efficacy of P. amboinicus in treating Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) using collagen-induced arthritis animal model. /Font << /Type /Group Plectranthus amboinicus bangun, bebangun, or locally known as bangun- sedingin or hati-hati hijau, is an indigenous vegetable which can be freshly eaten.The leaf of P. amboinicus has many medicinal uses, especially for the treatment of common illnesses such as of cough, stomachache, headache, skin infection, asthma and urinary stream /Type /Group >> H�b```f``����� |�A��bl,g9�r~������f��o҉���l� /��~��R�ee�������q��m:�L��->������L��>��\����~�L8@��r'��)�-�������^_}�����K��v����;PII54,-��n1����KG� �WҀ��M# /F7 41 0 R << >> /Type /Group is a perennial herb belonging to the family Lamiaceae which occurs naturally throughout the tropics and warm regions of Africa, Asia and Australia. /Resources << endobj 0000050662 00000 n /Type /StructTreeRoot In India borage ; pharmacology ; biological activities ; nutrition ; phytochemistry ; botany medicinal! ; ����.��������/���w�����\����_.��� ] �����/���/��cG�~~H�����Q�c�W�����q2���9 { �����᧻1y�����? ���9�z����m��ˏ it comprises About 300 species of annual or perennial herbs or which! 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